On Monday, The Supreme Court announced the wiping out of two North Carolina congressional districts, ruling that their lawmakers had violated the Constitution by relying too much on racial discrimination.
In defence. The lawmakers of the two districts stated that their purpose and intention in drawing the maps was not at all racial discrimination but it was purely for the partisan advantage.
The Democrats agreed and welcomed the ruling. Richard L. Hasen, a law professor at the University of California, Irvine gave out a statement regarding the ruling: “This will lead to many more successful racial gerrymandering cases in the American South and elsewhere,”
The Election’s law expert also gave out their opinion on this situation stating that the ruling would make it easier to challenge voting districts based partly on partisan affiliations and then partly on race.
The justices rejected District 1, in the northeastern part of the state, because after the 2010 census, the lawmakers increased the district’s black voting-age population to 52.7 percent from 48.6 percent.
The court divided, 5 to 3, in rejecting District 12, in the south-central part of the state, because the racial lawmakers increased the number of black voters to 50.7 percent from 43.8 percent.
North Carolina’s Republicans had brought up extra black voters into the two already African American districts, with intentions of it helping the GOP win more House seats in those voters’ previous districts.
Justice Elena Kagan gave out the statement to explain her ruling which proved that it was clear that race played a heavy role in how the lines between the districts were drawn. The “state’s mapmakers … purposely established a racial target” that African Americans would make up the majority, she said. And the result was “a district with stark racial borders.”
So The Justice Elena Kagan rejected their defence statement of it being for partisan purpose. She said that even if it was for the partisan purpose, but that did not excuse the drawing of lines based on race.