Cardio is short for cardiovascular fitness, which is a term used to reference the entire circulatory system. Cardio is sometime known as “aerobic exercise”. It is a form of exercise that requires pumping of oxygenated blood by the heart to deliver oxygen to working muscles and other tissues and organs in the body. Aerobic exercise not only improves fitness but is also beneficial for both physical and emotional health.
Benefits of Aerobic Exercise:
Aerobic exercise can help prevent or reduce the chance of developing some cancers, diabetes, depression, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis.
An aerobic exercise plan should be simple, practical, and realistic. Specific equipment (such as cardio machines) may be used but is not necessary for successful aerobic exercise.
Aerobic exercise stimulates the heart rate and breathing rate to increase in a way that can be sustained for the exercise session.
Modern exercise science suggests that exercise is not created equal. Based on your goals and physique, there are many strategies that may give better results for you than others. So if your goal is to shed weight, this begs the question what’s the best exercise to burn off fat?
Difference between Aerobic Exercise and Anaerobic Exercise:
Aerobic exercise includes the pumping of oxygenated blood by the heart to deliever oxygen to muscles. In contrast, anaerobic ( “without oxygen”) exercise is activity that causes you to be quickly out of breath, like sprinting or lifting a heavy weight. During bodybuilding or weight lifting, oxygen intake is not adequate to provide the energy needs being placed on muscle tissue. Consequently your muscles start to break down sugars, leading to higher lactic acid production.
The more formal descriptions of the two rotate around the degree of oxygen consumption required to execute certain activity. During aerobics there’s adequate oxygen consumption needed to keep up the current degree of action without using extra energy from another energy source.
There is an easier way to identify the two. Aerobic exercise is light action you can keep up over long time periods, like jogging. Anaerobic action is bursts of action for brief time periods, like sprinting. Both boost the metabolic process that may last all day after the workout. The key to obtaining the best outcomes is to possess a good workout that includes both.
Aerobic exercise improves your strength and heart health while anaerobic exercise will not only help you burn off fat, but additionally help you gain lean body mass.
Many group courses, like Jazzercise, incorporate both workouts. Each Jazzercise course has choreographed moves that burn off fat aerobically and develop lean muscle mass an aerobically. All of the exercises are cautiously designed and choreographed to songs to accomplish these goals.
How Aerobic Exercise Helps Our Body?
Your heart gets stronger and pumps more blood with each beat (larger stroke volume). Elite athletes, as I just mentioned, can have stroke volumes more than twice as high as average individuals.
Downstream from the heart are your muscles, which get more efficient at consuming oxygen when you do regular aerobic exercise. This happens because of an increase in the activity and number of enzymes that transport oxygen out of the bloodstream and into the muscle. Mitochondria inside the muscle increase in number and activity.
Mitochondria are the powerhouses of your cells. They do all the heavy-duty work to keep you moving. They use the oxygen to burn the fat and carbohydrate that makes you go. The good news is that they increase in number and activity, by as much as 50%, in just a matter of days to weeks in response to regular aerobic exercise in adults of all ages.